MICHIGAN SMART CITY DATA STREAM MARKETPLACE
- Overview of a Smart City Project by Ecosteer
EcoSteer, a company that produces software for the Internet of Things (IoT) in the Industrial and Smart City sectors, proposes an approach that allows an organic growth of the Smart City without the need for long-term planning and without prohibitive investments. EcoSteer software converts devices, sensors, meters and machinery into "tokenizable" data streams that are immediately available to any number and type of applications for collaborative Smart City scenarios. New applications can be added over time, without the need for planning and high-risk financial allocations.
The foundations of the Smart City are Smart Citizens and Smart Communities. The objective of the Pilot presented is to empower people - i.e. residents, workers and visitors - to digitized the Central Station Area, sharing their personal data securely and easily with other stakeholders within Smart City in exchange for services – or cash. In fact, in order to involve citizens, they need
- to be rewarded, for sharing their data
- to be in control over their data, personally granting and revoking the consent to use it
- to feel part of a community.
Thanks to the Michigan Smart City Data Stream Marketplace, citizens, companies and institutions can share and monetize their IoT data, while having full control over it, in full compliance with Privacy Laws.
Having real time IoT Data flows generated by smart devices and digitalized assets means real time visibility over the environment where people live and move, thus allowing more efficient and sustainable services.
In this first phase, the Pilot will start with the mobility data - from Ford cars' telematic box and from public transportation - but the technology offered by Ecosteer will allow to extend the scope and scale of the project with data from any kind and number of sensors.
Real time mobility data will allow to have visibility over the people and assets that move around the area, thus being able to design more efficient and sustainable scenarios.
- The Ecosteer technology
In cities there will be 75 Billion of connected IoT devices by 2030. The availability of IoT real time data through data exchange hubs will make our cities smarter, safer, cleaner and more efficient, but people do not want to give up control over our personal data to achieve them.
Ecosteer software technology - the Data Ownership platform – is a data sharing governance layer based on blockchain smart contracts – currently the implementation is on a fork of Ethereum that allows to stabilize the price of the gas – that allows not only data monetization – aka tokenization – but most importantly it gives data owners complete visibility over any stakeholder requesting access to their data flows, and they will able to grant and revoke data access to any of them, at any time, thus automating the compliance with Privacy Laws. This technology is an overlay network, technically independent form both the data source – i.e. sensors - and the data brokering platform, making it a completely retrofit solution that works with any existing technology.
The user interface - i.e. the frontend - of our Data Ownership Platform is the Michigan Smart City Data Streams Marketplace that allow data owners to share and monetise their data, while controlling data flows access.
The project described here defines interoperability as the ability for everyone, everywhere, at any time to access any unprocessed, unaggregated data stream generated by any citizen, corporation and institution (by any participant to the community). Based on our researches, very few Smart City related initiatives embraced the same paradigm. Amongst these the best example is provided by the municipality of Helsinki, which has implemented a data exchange hub (broker) accessible by anyone, anywhere in the world. Through Helsinki’s broker anyone can access real time information (position, acceleration, heading, etc.) related to each tram in the city. In an environment rich in diversity like a city it would not be effective to reduce interoperability to data format standards, as there are already several mainstream methods and practices that facilitate parsing and transformation. Also, the open source community has produced along the years a set of de-facto standards that will be very likely embraced by any citizen, enterprise and institution willing to join a community gravitating around the willingness to share data. Thus, in order to enable interoperability, the project described here will adopt a broker centric API-less architecture that will be deployed using third party server components (brokers), implemented by the open source community and exposing a very high horizontal scalability.
- Next step: project scale up
Thanks to the Ecosteer technology it will be possible to transform every asset in a city – cars, buses, taxis, parking lots, street lighting, buildings, homes etc. - into tokenizable and controlled data flows. The Michigan Smart City Data Streams Marketplace will make these data flows available to citizens and companies, who will be able to use them for the creation of new applications, which in turn will generate new data flows - in a virtuous circle that will lay the foundations of a new Data Sharing Economy.